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   2014| January-June  | Volume 2 | Issue 1  
    Online since June 2, 2015

 
 
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REVIEW ARTICLES
Women in the Rig Vedic age
Naorem Jiteswori Devi, Kambhampati Subrahmanyam
January-June 2014, 2(1):1-3
DOI:10.4103/2347-5633.157985  
The role of women in orienting life and family were elucidated in Rig Vedic age. They enjoyed independence and self-reliance. Besides their domestic role, they had every access to education with tremendous potential to realize the highest truths. Many of them were seers who had an intellectual and spiritual depth. Women played an important role in maintaining the economic status of the family with the occupation of spinning, weaving, and needlework. Widow's remarriage was permitted in Rig Vedic society as evidenced in the funeral hymn in the Rig Veda. Caste system in the society did not seem to be strict. During this time inter-caste marriages took place in society. Women learned several disciplines that included vocal and instrumental music and dance. Women were also allowed to learn martial pursuits. Respect and value of the women in the Vedic society not merely as household mistress but also as individuals with great potential to contribute to human society were revealed.
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ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Psychiatry, karma and gene expression
Hitesh Chandrakant Sheth
January-June 2014, 2(1):15-20
DOI:10.4103/2347-5633.157988  
Background: There is a wide spread belief in our society that only genes play a significant role in shaping men's behavior and illness he inherits from his parents. Aim: This study aims to determine the role of man's karma, his thoughts and position of planets on expression of genes and level of neurotransmitters. Materials and Methods: A review of various Indian literatures was done and was compared with various scientific studies regarding genes expression. Results: The result shows that men's behavior and destiny are affected by many factors such as genes, environment, karma, thoughts, and planets. The role played by men's karma in shaping his behavior, is not less than the role played by the genes he has inherited from his parents. Conclusion: The scripts written in deoxyribonucleic acid may have a major say in shaping men's behavior and illness he develops, but the environment, thoughts and karma, also play an important role in this matter. Genes build neural structures and proteins not behavior. We are not the helpless flotsam caught in a fiery flood called life, but the architect of our own destiny.
  - 5,740 430
Palliative care: Bridging the unmet spiritual, physiotherapy, and emotional aspects in cancer patients
Mukesh Kumar Singhal, Akhil Kapoor, Puneet Kumar Bagri, Kapur Thalor, Satya Narayan, Ruchi Mittal, Raj Kumar Nirban, Harvindra Singh Kumar
January-June 2014, 2(1):21-23
DOI:10.4103/2347-5633.157989  
Background: Palliative care is a technique to enhance the quality of life of patient suffering from devitalizing illness. This literature review is the work accomplished to pave the strong foundation of palliative care to the needy patients and their families. At the level of hospice care, besides doctors' and nurses' skills, tender care and affectionate support is much more needed then medicines. Materials and Methods: Literature search was performed using the terms "palliative care", "spiritual", "physiotherapy", "cancer patients" and "emotional aspects". The full articles available in English were reviewed. Results: Palliative care is a sophisticated requirement in cancer patients. Most of the available literature has stressed that there is a large gap between the actual demands and provision of palliative care including spiritual, physiotherapy, and emotional aspects in cancer patients. Conclusions: This article discusses various aspects of palliative care and how they influence attitude of the patient and his or her family toward the curing therapy. This provides guidance how nurses and doctor can create non-medication environment for ending suffering and pain for better quality of life by tending them spiritually, physically, and emotionally.
  - 3,793 343
REVIEW ARTICLES
Examining the relevance of Yamas and Niyamas to Toyota
Chandrasekahar Prasad Vemuri, Prasad Kaipa
January-June 2014, 2(1):4-8
DOI:10.4103/2347-5633.157986  
Yamas and Niyamas are the social and personal conduct observances in Yoga Sutras of Patanjali. There were reports in the literature that they came close to the Code of Conduct Guidelines (CCGs) and the basic principles of Toyota. The purpose of this paper is to make an in-depth study of this observation to assess the relevance of Yamas-Niyamas to Toyota over and above its CCGs and basic principles. We carried out this study by tracking the revisions the company made over time in its basic principles and also by mapping the CCGs and principles to Yamas and Niyamas. During the revisions, we found that the principles that emphasize" happiness at work" (Santosha) and "humility and gratitude" (Easwarapranidhana) took a back seat which got again reemphasized when the company faced the latest recall crisis. The mapping has shown that the tenet asteya of the Yamas and Soucha of the Niyamas could not be directly mapped to any of the CCGs and principles. Yet, these are shown to be relevant to Toyota in its conduct before and during the recall crisis. Thus, it is suggested that it will be useful for Toyota to pay attention to all the Yamas and Niyamas which can supplement the existing CCGs and principles. This can equip the company to face an increasingly complex environment in the future. The study is carried out by an in-depth analysis of the already existing vast literature on Toyota and Yoga Sutras of Patanjali .
  - 4,370 324
Psi, consciousness, and reality
Thaiyar M Srinivasan
January-June 2014, 2(1):9-14
DOI:10.4103/2347-5633.157987  
Parapsychology and psychic phenomena are looked open with great deal of suspicion. However, siddhis have been discussed in details in Yoga Sutras and practitioners of Yoga have glimpsed these siddhis at least in passing. Further, in India, one could always come across siddhas-people who exhibit siddhis-of various colors and hues, so one is not intimidated or confused regarding this aspect of Yogic practices. There have been attempts to link stages of consciousness to psychic competency and to siddhis. While consciousness is not defined adequately in literature, the nature of reality is defined as related to sensory world only. Psi research opens up possibilities of extending both the understanding of consciousness and the nature of reality, while Yogic literature and Vedanta could throw much clarity to both these through workable hypothesis. This paper attempts to present these ideas and proposes a model for Turiya Consciousness (TC) or Ultimate Reality that ancient wisdom refers to in Vedanta.
  - 4,018 373
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