International Journal of Yoga - Philosophy, Psychology and Parapsychology

: 2014  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 27--32

Effect of time (Kālam) of delivery on the outcome of pregnancy

Aruna Muralidhar1, Sindhu Shanker2, Leena M Kumari2, Latha Venkatram2, HR Nagendra2, R Nagarathna2 
1 Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Rangadore Memorial Hospital, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
2 Division of Yoga and Life Sciences, Arogyadhama, S-VYASA Yoga University, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Aruna Muralidhar
Rangadore Memorial Hospital, 1st Cross, Shankarapuram, Basavangudi, Bengaluru - 560 004, Karnataka

Background: Lunar phases have proven conclusive effects on outcomes of pregnancy. Studies have shown conception on a �DQ�full moon�DQ� day results in a male infant and that on a �DQ�no moon�DQ� day results in a female infant. It is common belief that the delivery during inauspicious time of the day (Rāhukālam [RK]) could have deleterious effects on pregnancy outcome although there are no scriptural references to this. The present study was designed to look at the effects of specific time periods or Kālams on pregnancy outcomes. Materials and Methods: This retrospective controlled study reviewed the maternal and birth outcome from 1885 parturition records (2010-2012) of the obstetric unit of Rangadore Hospital, Basavanagudi, Bengaluru. Pregnancy outcome of deliveries during day in 4 time periods (90 min each) as designated in calendar prepared by Ontikoppal Panchangam for Bengaluru were compared. The three study periods were RK (inauspicious), Yamaganda Kβlam (YK) (inauspicious), and Gulika Kālam (GK) (auspicious). The control period was that which did not fall under any of the specified Kālams. All night time deliveries (8 pm to 6.00 am) were excluded. Chi-square test was used to compare the number of events of different maternal and fetal outcomes in the four different periods. Outcome Measures - Maternal: Cardio topographic abnormalities during first or second stages of labor, postpartum hemorrhage, perineal tear, Analgesic medication requirement, and Epidural analgesia requirement. Fetal: Presence of meconium stained amniotic fluid, APGAR scores, physical injuries to baby at birth, need for phototherapy, need for neonatal intensive care unit, and other complications. Results: There was no significant difference between four Kālams in any of maternal and fetal outcomes. Conclusions: The present study suggests that there is no influence of the birth time falling within the three Kālams (RK, YK, and GK) on complications of maternal outcomes and fetal outcomes.

How to cite this article:
Muralidhar A, Shanker S, Kumari LM, Venkatram L, Nagendra H R, Nagarathna R. Effect of time (Kālam) of delivery on the outcome of pregnancy.Int J Yoga - Philosop Psychol Parapsychol 2014;2:27-32

How to cite this URL:
Muralidhar A, Shanker S, Kumari LM, Venkatram L, Nagendra H R, Nagarathna R. Effect of time (Kālam) of delivery on the outcome of pregnancy. Int J Yoga - Philosop Psychol Parapsychol [serial online] 2014 [cited 2023 Sep 22 ];2:27-32
Available from:;year=2014;volume=2;issue=2;spage=27;epage=32;aulast=Muralidhar;type=0