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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 3-7

Self in psychotherapy: An Indian perspective

Department of Clinical Psychology, NIMHANS, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Jyotsna Agrawal
Department of Clinical Psychology, NIMHANS, Bengaluru, Karnataka
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijoyppp.ijoyppp_19_20

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This paper discusses the two ways in which the concept of “self” has been discussed in the Indian tradition and its relationship to suffering and healing. There being outer and inner self, denoted as antaratman and ahamkara respectively, is a common theme across Indian darshana/philosophy, though the exact terms and few nuances differ among them. Ahamkara or the outer self seems to have overlap with concepts such as ego and self from the modern psychology. Kumar's model of Ahamkara (2005) has four main subcomponents: Vaishisthya/individuality, Dwaita bhav/separation, Abhimana/identification, and Kartatva/agency. The article describes the results from multiple studies to support such an Indian model of self, its expansion to include a component of “ripe-ego,” and ahamkara's association with well-being in modern world. It then goes on to discuss the implications of this Indian model of self in the psychotherapy practice along with giving a case example and future directions for further research.

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