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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 75-86

Vataja Unmada: Schizophrenia or Dementia or Mood Disorder with Psychosis?

Department of Kaya Chikitsa, SKS Ayurvedic Medical College and Hospital, Mathura, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Kshama Gupta
Department of Kaya Chikitsa, SKS Ayurvedic Medical College and Hospital, Mathura, Uttar Pradesh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijny.ijoyppp_24_19

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Unmada (a broad term which includes different psychiatric conditions under one umbrella) is characterized by the derangement of manas (mind), buddhi (cognitive functions), samgna gnana (orientation), smriti (memory), bhakti (interests), sheela (character/personality), cheshtha (psychomotor activity/behavior), and achara (conduct). Unmada is classified into five (vataja, pittaja, kaphaja, sannipataja and agantuja) types, and “Vataja Unmada” (VU) is one among them. The description of VU is available in all major Ayurvedic classical texts, and it comes under “Doshaja” (psychiatric disorder which occurs due to the aggravation of doshas) category. Studies or scientific literature on VU has been lacking, and the present work is focused on to explore this condition. The etiopathology of VU denotes deficiency of various nutritional factors such as vitamins, minerals, omega-3-fatty acids, amino acids, and antioxidants. Lacking or deficiency of these nutritional factors leads to structural and/or functional damage and degeneration of the brain (neurodegenerative or demyelinating pathology) which ultimately leads to the manifestation of different degenerative psychiatric disorders. The clinical picture of VU resembles various psychiatric or neuropsychiatric conditions such as “disorganized schizophrenia” or “hebephrenia” or “catatonia” or “dementia” or “bipolar disorder with psychotic features” or “mania with psychotic features,” or “organic or secondary psychoses.” VU is a treatable condition, and it can be managed successfully by “Panchakarma” procedures along with internal medicines.

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