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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 39-47

Role of Pradhana Sharira and Manas Prakriti (bodily and mental constitution) in the manifestation of sthaulya (obesity): A cross-sectional survey study

1 Regional Ayurveda Research Institute for Skin Disorders, CCRAS, Ministry of AYUSH, Government of India, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India
2 Department of Basic Principles, I.P.G.T. and R.A., Gujarat Ayurved University, Jamnagar, Gujarat, India
3 Department of Basic Principles, All India Institute of Ayurved, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Hetalben Amin
Regional Ayurveda Research Institute for Skin Disorders, CCRAS, Ministry of AYUSH, Government of India, Ahmedabad, Gujarat
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijny.ijoyppp_8_19

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Background and Aim: Lifestyle diseases such as obesity, hypertension, and diabetes mellitus are the major risk factors for the development of cardiovascular disease. Concept of Prakriti (human constitution) can be applied for manifestation and prognosis of diseases. Therefore, in this study, we intend to study Pradhana Sharira and Manas Prakriti (dominant bodily and mental constitution) in Sthaulya (obesity) participants. Materials and Methods: A total of 106 Sthaulya participants who had no confirmed mental illness to participate were selected without any bar of age, sex, caste, and religion. The diagnosis was mainly based on the sign and symptoms of Sthaulya as mentioned in Ayurvedic and Allopathic literature. Participants aged between 20 and 60 years and with body mass index (BMI) >25 (BMI = weight in kg/height in m2) considered as obese were included in the study. Participants of Sthaulya were assessed as per Prakriti assessment pro forma. Vata-, Pitta-, and Kapha Dosha (bodily humors)-dominant Prakriti were analyzed according to the characteristics found in participants. Same protocol was done in assessing the Manas Prakriti, i.e., Sattva Pradhana Prakriti, Rajas Pradhana Prakriti, and Tamas Pradhana Prakriti. Results: 56.60% Kapha-dominant Prakriti participants and 47.17% Tamas Pradhana Prakriti were found in Sthaulya. Conclusion: Dominant Kapha and Tamas Prakriti have influence on manifestation of that Dosha-dominant disease obesity.

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